20th Century: 1959

Computers introduced between 1959 and 1964, often regarded as Second-generation computers, were based on discrete transistors and printed circuits – resulting in smaller, more powerful, and more reliable computers.

The Common Business-Oriented Language (COBOL) programming language first appeared.

Jan. 2, 1959, the U.S.S.R. launches Luna 1, which misses the moon but becomes the first artificial object to leave Earth orbit.

RIA Novosti archive, image #510848 / Alexander Mokletsov / CC-BY-SA 3.0 / CC BY-SA (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)

Jan. 12, 1959: NASA awards McDonnell Corp. the contract to manufacture the Mercury capsules.

Feb. 28, 1959: NASA launches Discover 1, the U.S. first spy satellite, but it is not until Aug. 11, 1960, launch of Discover 13 that film is recovered successfully.

May 28, 1959: The United States launches the first primates in space, Able and Baker, on a suborbital flight.

Aug. 7, 1959: NASA’s Explorer 6 launches and provides the first photographs of the Earth from space.

Sept. 12, 1959: The Soviet Union’s Luna 2 is launched, and two days later is intentionally crashed into the Moon.

1959 the first broadcast of The Twilight Zone, Rocky and His Friends, The Untouchables, Rawhide, and Bonanza (which runs for fourteen years).

Hitachi was founded in 1959.

The Top Film of 1959:

Reynold Brown / Public domain

Top Song of 1959: Actually, it was Jonnhy Horton’s Battle of New Orleans, but I don’t like it, so here is a much better one at number 2.

Battlecrypt’s feature presentation:

Public Domain

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