20th Century: 1961

Feb. 12, 1961: The Soviet Union launches Venera to Venus, but the probe stops responding after a week.

April 12, 1961: Yuri Gagarin becomes the first man in space with a 108-minute flight on Vostok 1 in which he completed one orbit.

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Yuri Gagarin is on the bus on his way to the launch pad on the morning of April 12, 1961

May 5, 1961: Mercury Freedom 7 launches on a Redstone rocket for a 15-minute suborbital flight, making Alan Shepard the first American in space.

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Astronaut Alan Shepard photographed in flight by a 16mm movie camera inside the Freedom 7 spacecraft.

May 25, 1961: In a speech before Congress, President John Kennedy announces that an American will land on the moon and be returned safely to Earth before the end of the decade.

Oct. 27, 1961: Saturn 1, the rocket for the initial Apollo missions, is tested for the first time.

IBM introduced the IBM 1301 disk storage unit on June 2, 1961, capable of storing 28 million characters, 2MB.

The first IBM Selectric typewriter was released on July 27, 1961, and introduced the typeball.

In September 1961, DEC donated the PDP-1 to MIT, where it was placed in the room next to its ancestor, the TX-0 computer, which was by then on indefinite loan from Lincoln Laboratory. PDP-1 helps solidify hackers’ ideology such as all information should be free.

 

Alex Handy (cropped by Arnold Reinhold) / CC BY-SA (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0) – PDP-1 & Steve Russel creator of Spacewar! – 1962

 

The first broadcast of The Avengers, The Defenders, The Dick Van Dyke Show, The Morecambe, and Wise Show, Car 54, Where Are You?

Memorex was founded.

Top Film of 1961:

Designed by Joe Caroff –  Copyright © 1961 United Artists Corporation. / Public domain

Top Song of 1961:

Images of 1961:

 

The Incredible – Diana Rigg!, –  Public Domain view terms
File: Diana Rigg 1973.jpg
Created: Autumn 1973-00-00T00:00:00Z/9,P4241,Q40720568, as per NBC-TV release on back.

 

Feature  Presentation – Phantom Planet 1961

 

 

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