20th Century: 1973

Ethernet developed, this became a popular way of connecting PCs and other computers together – to enable them to share data and devices such as printers. A group of machines connected together in this way is known as a LAN.

The IBM3340 hard disk drive (HDD) that began shipping in November 1973 pioneered new low-cost, low-load, landing read/write heads with lubricated disks, and established what became the dominant HDD technology. Al Shugart identified this new “Winchester head” as one of the four most significant developments in mass storage.

Global networking becomes a reality as the University College of London (England) and Royal Radar Establishment (Norway) connect to ARPANET. The term Internet is born.

The first computer monitor was released as part of the Xerox Alto computer system.

– Joho345 / Public Domain

The first VoIP call was made in 1973. Danny Cohen first demonstrated a form of packet voice in 1973 as part of a flight simulator application, which operated across the early ARPANET.

May 14, 1973: A Saturn V rocket launches Skylab, the United States’ first space station.

Judge awards John Vincent Atanasoff as the inventor of the first electronic digital computer on October 19, 1973.

The first broadcast of The Ascent of Man, Moonbase 3, The Wombles, The Young and the Restless, An American Family, Seventeen Moments of Spring, Last of the Summer Wine, and The World at War.

Datalink is founded.

Pioneer is founded.

Founded in 1973, ICCP’s mission is to standardize the certifications given to IS professionals throughout the industry. The mission of the ICCP is to promote the continuous improvement of the Information System profession and professionals through certification, enforcement of a professional code of ethics, standards of conduct, and continuing education.

 

20th Century: 1972

Jan. 5, 1972: U.S. President Richard Nixon announces that NASA is developing a reusable launch vehicle, the space shuttle.

Atari was founded on June 27, 1972.

Computers built after 1972 are often called “fourth-generation” computers.

The programming language C developed at The Bell Laboratories in the USA.

Intel introduced the 8008 processor on April 1, 1972.

It is an 8-bit CPU with an external 14-bit address bus that could address 16 KB of memory.

The first video game console called the Magnavox Odyssey is demonstrated on May 24, 1972, and later released by Magnavox and sold for USD 100.00.

640px-Magnavox-Odyssey-Console-Set
Magnavox Odyssey – Evan-Amos / Public domain

The first scientific pocket calculator, the HP-35, is introduced.

Atari released Pong, the first commercial video game, on November 29, 1972.

Pong cabinet signed by Pong creator Allan Alcorn in the ‘Golden Age of Video Games’ exhibit at Neville Public Museum in Green Bay, Wisconsin. – Chris Rand / CC BY-SA (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)

Dec. 19, 1972: Apollo 17, the last mission to the moon, returns to Earth.

GPN-2000-000636
The Apollo 17 Space Vehicle sits poised beneath a full moon on Launch Pad 39A during the launch countdown. Astronauts Eugene A. Cernan, Commander; Ronald A. Evans, Command Module Pilot; and Dr. Harrison H. Jack Schmitt, Lunar Module Pilot, will be the crew for the sixth manned lunar landing mission.

1972: The first broadcast of M*A*S*H, Emmerdale, Mastermind, The Bob Newhart Show, Great Performances, and Maude.

Home Box Office (HBO) launched at 7:30 p.m. Eastern Time on November 8, 1972. The service’s inaugural program and event telecast, a National Hockey League (NHL) game between the New York Rangers and the Vancouver Canucks from Madison Square Garden (part of a long-term agreement to broadcast sports events based at the Manhattan arena), was transmitted that evening over channel 21—its original assigned channel on the Teleservice system—to its initial base of 365 subscribers in Wilkes-Barre.

HBO First Logo – WarnerMedia / CC BY-SA (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)

 

 

20th Century: 1971

Chainmail-1st-thumb
DND beginnings. Let us discuss this book. By Source (WP: NFCC#4), Fair use.

Gygax and Perren’s set of medieval miniatures rules from the Castle & Crusade Society newsletter The Domesday Book brought Gygax to the attention of Guidon Games, who hired him to produce a “Wargaming with Miniatures” series of games. Towards the end of 1970, Gygax worked with Don Lowry to develop the first three products for the new Guidon Games wargames line. Among the three was a pamphlet of medieval rules entitled Chainmail which adopted much of the medieval rules published in the Domesday Book. Late in the development process, Gygax added to the end of Chainmail fourteen pages of a “Fantasy Supplement” which detailed the behavior of Heroes, Wizards, dragons, elves, and various other fantastic creatures and people.

The first edition Chainmail saw print in March 1971. It quickly became Guidon Games’ biggest hit, selling one hundred copies per month. A second edition would follow in July 1972, with several expansions and revisions to the original game. The January 1972 issue of the International Wargamer initially published the most significant of these changes, including the splitting of the “Wizard” type into four distinct levels of spell casters.

IBM shipped the first units of Noble’s solution, the 23 FD “Minnow” in 1971. The 8-inch floppy disk drive with removable read-only, flexible “memory disks” offered a storage capacity of 80 kilobytes (KB), approximately 3,000 punched cards.

While at Intel, Dov Frohman invented and patented (#3,660,819) the EPROM in 1971.

Ray Tomlinson sends the first e-mail, the first messaging system to send messages across a network to other users.

The computer gets a voice, IBM introduces its first speech recognition program capable of recognizing about 5,000 words.

FTP was first purposed on April 16, 1971, by Abhay Bhushan of MIT in RFC 114.

Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney created the first arcade game called “Computer Space” in 1971.

Nutting_ComputerSpace-Blue
Computer Space is a space combat arcade game developed in 1971. Created by Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney in partnership as Syzygy Engineering, it was the first arcade video game as well as the first commercially available video game.

The First edition of Unix released on November 3, 1971.

Bob Bemer published the world’s first warning on the Year 2000 problem in 1971.

Intel introduced the first microprocessor, the Intel 4004 on November 15, 1971. The 4004 had 2,300 transistors, performed 60,000 operations per second (OPS), addressed 640 bytes of memory, and cost $200.00.

Intel 4004 – Thomas Nguyen / CC BY-SA (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)