20th Century: 1972

Jan. 5, 1972: U.S. President Richard Nixon announces that NASA is developing a reusable launch vehicle, the space shuttle.

Atari was founded on June 27, 1972.

Computers built after 1972 are often called “fourth-generation” computers.

The programming language C developed at The Bell Laboratories in the USA.

Intel introduced the 8008 processor on April 1, 1972.

It is an 8-bit CPU with an external 14-bit address bus that could address 16 KB of memory.

The first video game console called the Magnavox Odyssey is demonstrated on May 24, 1972, and later released by Magnavox and sold for USD 100.00.

Magnavox Odyssey – Evan-Amos / Public domain

The first scientific pocket calculator, the HP-35, is introduced.

Atari released Pong, the first commercial video game, on November 29, 1972.

Pong cabinet signed by Pong creator Allan Alcorn in the ‘Golden Age of Video Games’ exhibit at Neville Public Museum in Green Bay, Wisconsin. – Chris Rand / CC BY-SA (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)

Dec. 19, 1972: Apollo 17, the last mission to the moon, returns to Earth.

The Apollo 17 Space Vehicle sits poised beneath a full moon on Launch Pad 39A during the launch countdown. Astronauts Eugene A. Cernan, Commander; Ronald A. Evans, Command Module Pilot; and Dr. Harrison H. Jack Schmitt, Lunar Module Pilot, will be the crew for the sixth manned lunar landing mission.

1972: The first broadcast of M*A*S*H, Emmerdale, Mastermind, The Bob Newhart Show, Great Performances, and Maude.

Home Box Office (HBO) launched at 7:30 p.m. Eastern Time on November 8, 1972. The service’s inaugural program and event telecast, a National Hockey League (NHL) game between the New York Rangers and the Vancouver Canucks from Madison Square Garden (part of a long-term agreement to broadcast sports events based at the Manhattan arena), was transmitted that evening over channel 21—its original assigned channel on the Teleservice system—to its initial base of 365 subscribers in Wilkes-Barre.

HBO First Logo – WarnerMedia / CC BY-SA (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)