Feb. 12, 1961: The Soviet Union launches Venera to Venus, but the probe stops responding after a week.
April 12, 1961: Yuri Gagarin becomes the first man in space with a 108-minute flight on Vostok 1 in which he completed one orbit.
May 5, 1961: Mercury Freedom 7 launches on a Redstone rocket for a 15-minute suborbital flight, making Alan Shepard the first American in space.
May 25, 1961: In a speech before Congress, President John Kennedy announces that an American will land on the moon and be returned safely to Earth before the end of the decade.
Oct. 27, 1961: Saturn 1, the rocket for the initial Apollo missions, is tested for the first time.
IBM introduced the IBM 1301 disk storage unit on June 2, 1961, capable of storing 28 million characters, 2MB.
The first IBM Selectric typewriter was released on July 27, 1961, and introduced the typeball.
In September 1961, DEC donated the PDP-1 to MIT, where it was placed in the room next to its ancestor, the TX-0 computer, which was by then on indefinite loan from Lincoln Laboratory. PDP-1 helps solidify hackers’ ideology such as all information should be free.
The first broadcast of The Avengers, The Defenders, The Dick Van Dyke Show, The Morecambe, and Wise Show, Car 54, Where Are You?
Memorex was founded.
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Images of 1961:
Feature Presentation – Phantom Planet 1961